Low-GHG Liquid-Fuels Production—Non-Biomass

Back to Transportation

For the transportation sector to move away from carbon-emitting fuels at a global scale, we’ll need to develop new ways of producing liquid fuels beyond biofuels produced from plants, by finding new ways to directly convert CO2, water, and/or other inputs into low greenhouse gas footprint liquid fuels using carbon-free sources of energy. Promising avenues for exploration in this area, including electrochemical, thermochemical, direct solar conversion, hybrid pathways, and more. If we can overcome the significant technological challenges associated with developing these transformational technologies, new non-biomass-based liquid fuels could make a significant contribution to reducing emissions from the transportation sector.